Congratulations to our Student Note authors! The Journal is currently working on Volume 31, Issue 4, and will update the list of Student Notes upon publication.
Ballots in an Unfamiliar Language and Other Things That Make No Sense: Interpreting How the Voting Rights Act Undermines Constitutional Rights for Voters with Limited English Proficiency
Geofence Warrants: Geolocating the Fourth Amendment
A. Reed McLeod
George R.R. Martin’s Faith Militant in Modern America: The Establishment Clause and a State’s Ability to Delegate Policing Powers to Private Police Forces Operated by Religious Institutions
Deepfakes: A New Content Category for a Digital Age
Protecting the States from Electoral Invasions
The Superior Solution to the “Denominator Problem”—Comparing the Majority and Dissent’s Property Benchmark Tests in Murr v. Wisconsin With a Focus on Property Owners’ Reasonable Expectations
Rosemary K. McGuirk
A Cleaner, CRISPR Constitution: Germline Editing and Fundamental Rights
Anna McMullen, Search, Seizure, and Snapchat: How the Fourth Amendment Fits Within the Evolving World of Civil E-Discovery
Tyler Sherman, All Employers Must Wash Their Speech Before Returning to Work: The First Amendment & Compelled Use of Employees’ Preferred Gender Pronouns
Emily J. Heltzel, Incarcerated and Unrepresented: Prison-Based Gerrymandering and Why Evenwel’s Approval of “Total Population” as a Population Base Shouldn’t Include Incarcerated Populations
Trevor N. Ward, Protecting the Silence of Speech: Academic Safe Spaces, the Free Speech Critique, and the Solution of Free Association
Thomas A. Costello, Quitting Cold Turkey?: Federal Preemption Doctrine and State Bans on FDA-Approved Drugs
Elizabeth Mincer, Fifty Shades and Fifty States: Is BDSM a Fundamental Right? A Test for Sexual Privacy
Tomas Capretta, Highway Robbery: Due Process, Equal Protection, and Punishing Poverty with Driver’s License Suspensions
Daniel Cutler, Not Today, Satan: Re-examining Viewpoint Discrimination in the Limited Public Forum
Jake Albert, The Flawed Reasoning Behind Johnson v. United States and a Solution: Why a Facts-Based Approach Should Have Been Used to Interpret the Residual Clause of the Armed Career Criminal Act
Bethany Bostron, Of Prairie Dogs and Congressmen: Defining the Regulated Activity and Why It Matters for the Commerce Clause Substantial Effect Test
Benjamin A. Ellis, “Time Enough” for Scrutiny: The Second Amendment, Mental Health, and the Case for Intermediate Scrutiny
Abigail Hoglund-Shen, Fixer Upper: Reforming Vergara’s Teacher Tenure Statutes
Mary E. Johnston, Combatting Thieves of Valor: The Stolen Valor Act of 2013 Is Constitutional Yet Unenforced
Rachel Jones, Excessively Unconstitutional: Civil Asset Forfeiture and the Excessive Fines Clause in Virginia
Jacob Kit, If It Looks Like a Super Pac, Acts Like a Super Pac, and Is Restricted Like a Super Pac, Then Treat It Like a Super Pac: Why Contribution Limits on a Hybrid Pac’s Independent-Expenditure Arm Are Impermissible
Emily Wagman, But First, (Don’t) Let Me Take a Selfie:
New Hampshire’s Ban on Ballot Selfies and First Amendment Scrutiny
Susanne Cordner, Adjusting the Benefits and Burdens of Economic Life for the Public Good: The ACA’s Medical Loss Ratio as a Constitutional Regulation of Health Insurance Companies
Abigail M. Pierce, #Tweeting for Terrorism: First Amendment Implications in Using Proterrorist Tweets to Convict Under the Material Support Statute
Shaina D. Massie, Orange is the New Equal Protection Violation: How Evidence-Based Sentencing Harms Male Offenders
Tyler R. Murray, The Eighth Amendment and Tax Evasion: Whether FATCA Non-Compliance Fines and FBAR Penalties are Excessive
Samantha A. Lovin, Everyone Forgets About the Third Amendment: Exploring the Implications on Third Amendment Case Law of Extending its Prohibitions to Include Actions by State Police Officers
Caleb R. Stone, Sentencing Roulette: How Virginia’s Criminal Sentencing System is Imposing an Unconstitutional Trial Penalty That Suppresses the Rights of Criminal Defendants to a Jury Trial
Austin Graham, Unstable Footing: Shelby County’s Misapplication of the Equal Footing Doctrine
Katherine J. Westfall, Voided Vows: Annulment as the Full-Faith and Credit Solution to the Same-Sex Divorce Conundrum
Julie A. Cook, Specificity or Dismissal: The Improper Extension of Rule 9(b) to Negligent Misrepresentation as a Deprivation of Plaintiffs’ Procedural Due Process Rights
Andrew Lindsey, Death by Irrelevance: The Unconstitutionality of Virginia’s Continued Exclusion of Prison Conditions Evidence to Assess the Future Dangerousness of Capital Defendants
Carolyn R. Cody, Professional Licenses and Substantive Due Process: Can States Compel Physicians to Provide Their Services?
M. Elizabeth Petty, Rauschenberg, Royalties, and Artists’ Rights: Potential Droit de Suite Legislation in the United States
William Rose, Calming Unsettled Waters: A Proposal for Navigating the Tenuous Power Divide Between the Federal Courts and the USPTO Under the America Invents Act
Brett Piersma, Election Evidence: The Promises and Realities of California’s Citizens Commission
Paul Wolfgramm, Jr., Power and Responsibility: Fourth Amendment Limits on the Use of Molecular Scanners
Christopher A. Sickles, Note, Bridging the Liability Gap: How Kowalski’s Interpretation of Reasonable Foreseeability Limits School Liability for Inaction in Cases of Cyber-Bullying, 21 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 241 (2012).
Lee Tankle, Note, The Only Thing We Have to Fear is Fear Itself: Islamophobia and the Recently Proposed Unconstitutional and Unnecessary Anti-Religion Laws, 21 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 273 (2012).
Emilie Whitehurst, Note, Shaping California’s Prisons: How the Alternative Custody Program, Designed to Remedy the State’s Eighth Amendment Violations in the Prison System, Encroaches on Equal Protection, 21 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 303 (2012).
Andrew E. Behrns, Note, To Cut or Not To Cut?: Addressing Proposals To Ban Circumcision Under Both a Parental Rights Theory and Child-Centered Perspective in the Specific Context of Jewish and Muslim Infants, 21 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 925 (2013).
Michelle L. Sudano, Note, Crossing the Final Border: Securing Equal Gender Protection in Immigration Cases, 21 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 957 (2013).
Chadwick Welch, Note, Dodd-Frank’s Title II Authority: A Disorderly Liquidation of Experience, Logic and Due Process, 21 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 989 (2013).
Tiffany Marie Westfall Ferris, Note, Justices Hawking Jesus: Endorsement Through Citation to Religious Amici in Supreme Court Opinions, 21 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 1259 (2013).
Andrew J. Wolf, Note, Detailing Commercial Speech: What Pharmaceutical Marketing Reveals About Bans on Commercial Speech, 21 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 1291 (2013).
Joseph B. Allen, Note, Extending Hope into “The Hole”: Applying Graham v. Florida to Supermax Prisons, 20 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 217 (2011).
Joseph Kamien, Note, The Natural Flow of Ideas: Why the Fifth Amendment Takings Clause and an Obscure Water-Rights Decision Might Thwart Attempts at Streamlining the Patent Queu, 20 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 1373 (2012).
Hanh H. Lee, Note, The “Padilla Advisory” and Its Implications Beyond the Immigration Context, 20 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 589 (2011).
Lauren Manns, Note, An Unusual Separation of Power Episode: Samantar v. Yousuf and the Need for the Executive Branch to Assert Control over Foreign Official Sovereign Immunity Determinations, 20 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 955 (2012).
Ryen Rasmus, Note, The Auto-Authentification of the Page: Purely Written Speech and the Doctrine of Obscenity, 20 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 253 (2011).
Samantha Lauren Soller, Note, “Give Me a Few More Minutes!”: How Virginia Violates Due Process by Hitting the Snooze Button on a Timely Declaration of Death, 20 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 981 (2012).
Davis Walsh, Note, All a Twitter: Social Networking, College Athletes, and the First Amendment, 20 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 619 (2011).
Jamie L. Williams, Note, Teens, Sexts, & Cyberspace: The Constitutional Implications of Current Sexting & Cyberbullying Laws, 20 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 1017 (2012).
Anne Hampton Andrews, Note, The Melendez-Diaz Dilemma: Virginia’s Response, A Model to Follow, 19 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 419 (2010).
Robert F. Friedman, Note, Protecting Victims from Themselves, but Not Necessarily from Abusers: Issuing a No-Contact Order over the Objection of the Victim-Spouse, 19 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 235 (2010).
Laura Hough, Note, Finding Equilibrium: Exploring Due Process Violations in the Whistleblower Provisions of the Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act of 2009, 19 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 1061 (2011).
John Q. Mulligan, Note, Huppert, Reilly, and the Increasing Futility of Relying on the First Amendment to Protect Employee Speech, 19 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 449 (2010).
Sarah Elizabeth Nokes, Note, Redefining the Supremacy Clause in the Global Age: Reconciling MedellÍn with Original Intent, 19 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 829 (2011).
Corey Preston, Note, Faulty Foundations: How the False Analogy to Routine Fingerprinting Undermines the Argument for Arrestee DNA Sampling, 19 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 475 (2010).
Jonathan D. Puvak, Note, Executive Branch Czars, Who Are They? Are They Needed? Can Congress Do Anything about Them?, 19 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 1091 (2011).
Colin Schlueter, Note, Color Conscious: The Unconstitutionality of Adoptive Parents’ Expression of Racial Preferences in the Adoption Process, 19 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 263 (2010).
Aubrey H. Brown III, Note, Georgia v. Randolph, the Red-Headed Stepchild of an Ugly Family: Why Third-Party Consent Search Doctrine is an Unfortunate Fourth Amendment Development That Should Be Restrained, 18 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 471 (2009).
Andrew G. Caffrey, Note, No Ambiguity Left Behind: A Discussion of the Clear Statement Rule and the Unfunded Mandates Clause of No Child Left Behind, 18 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 1129 (2010).
Lindsey Craven, Note, Where Do We Go from Here? Handgun Regulation in a Post-Heller World, 18 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 831 (2010).
Cullen Ann Drescher, Note, The BAPCPA, the Gag Rule, and the First Amendment: A Proposal for Alignment Through Interpretive and Analytical Change, 18 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 503 (2009).
Jennifer E. Fleming, Note, Your Honor, I Seen Him with That Gang: The Constitutionality of the Federal Criminal Street Gang Statute in the Wake of Apprendi v. New Jersey, 18 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 249 (2009).
Katharine Kruk, Note, Of Fat People and Fundamental Rights: The Constitutionality of the New York City Trans-Fat Ban, 18 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 857 (2010).
Ryan S. Marion, Note, Prisoners for Sale: Making the Thirteenth Amendment Case Against State Private Prison Contracts, 18 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 213 (2009).
Carrie Pixler, Note, Setting the Boundaries of the Census Clause: Normative and Legal Concerns Regarding the American Community Survey, 18 WM. & MARY BILL RTS. J. 1097 (2010).